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Sun Pharmaceutical to Buy Ranbaxy in $3.2 Billion Stock Deal

By: Pharma News | Views: 3449 | Date: 07-Apr-2014

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., India’s largest drugmaker by market value, agreed to buy competitor Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. for $3.2 billion from Japan’s Daiichi Sankyo Co., which paid 61 percent more for the company five years ago.Ranbaxy investors will get 0.8 share in Sun for every one of their shares, or about 457 rupees, about 24 percent higher than the 60-day average, the two companies said today in a statement. Daiichi Sankyo, which owns 63.5 percent of Ranbaxy, paid 737 rupees a share in 2008.

India’s Sun to Acquire Ranbaxy in $3.2 Billion Stock Deal

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., India’s largest drugmaker by market value, agreed to buy competitor Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. for $3.2 billion from Japan’s Daiichi Sankyo Co., which paid 61 percent more for the company five years ago.


Sun Pharma & Ranbaxy

Ranbaxy investors will get 0.8 share in Sun for every one of their shares, or about 457 rupees, about 24 percent higher than the 60-day average, the two companies said today in a statement. Daiichi Sankyo, which owns 63.5 percent of Ranbaxy, paid 737 rupees a share in 2008.

Buying Gurgaon, India-based Ranbaxy would give Sun, founded by billionaire Dilip Shanghvi, control over the competitor’s pipeline of generic products and help it expand in markets including Russia and Brazil. The company also needs to resolve production problems that led the Food and Drug Administration to ban four Ranbaxy plants from exporting to the U.S.

“It is a long-term positive for Sun Pharma because it adds emerging-markets facilities,” said Prakash Agarwal, an analyst at CIMB Securities India Pvt. in Mumbai. “Ranbaxy’s consent decree will be resolved in a few years’ time, so they should be out of the woods in terms of the FDA issues.”

The deal will also give Sun Pharma access to three major products that Ranbaxy has tentative FDA approval to sell in the U.S.: generics of Novartis AG’s blockbuster Diovan, AstraZeneca Plc’s Nexium and Roche Holding AG’s Valcyte, according to Hitesh Mahida, an analyst at K.R. Choksey Shares & Securities Pvt. in Mumbai. Since Ranbaxy was first to file applications for the three products, it’s entitled to 180 days of exclusivity if given final FDA clearance.

Ranbaxy’s top product in the U.S. was acne drug Absorica, which had sales of $128 million in the last 12 months, according to a Jan. 24 note by Barclays Plc analyst Balaji Prasad.


Sun Pharma to Buy Ranbaxy

Cymbalta, Doxil

Ranbaxy recently received a subpoena from the U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey requesting certain documents relating to issues previously raised by the FDA on its Toansa facility in north India, Sun Pharma said in the statement.

FDA officials have said they plan to tighten rules on the generic-drug industry as a way to convince American consumers that safeguards are in place. In March, the Food and Drug Administration said Ranbaxy was recalling some batches of its generic cholesterol-lowering medicine.

Ranbaxy’s earnings have been hurt as it has faced increased regulatory scrutiny, and the company reported a 10.1 billion rupee loss last year. The deal will create the world’s fifth largest “specialty generic pharma” maker, the companies said.

About one-third of Ranbaxy’s revenue comes from emerging markets other than India, said Abhishek Singhal, an analyst at Macquarie Capital Securities in Mumbai. “The combined entity will have increased exposure to emerging economies, which Sun Pharma can leverage for its own specialty portfolio.”

Including the assumption of debt, the transaction was valued at $4 billion. Sun Pharma, maker of generic drugs including copies of Eli Lilly & Co.’s Cymbalta and Johnson & Johnson’s Doxil, expects $250 million in revenue and reduced costs by the third year after completing the deal, according to the statement. Ranbaxy’s products include the generic version of Pfizer’s cholesterol-lowering drug Lipitor.

Weekly Advance

Sun Pharma gained 2.9 percent to 588.10 rupees in Mumbai trading today. Ranbaxy dropped 3 percent to 445.75 rupees.

Ranbaxy shares rose 8.2 percent to 459.55 rupees in Mumbai trading on April 4, before the deal was announced, taking its gain for the week to 26 percent, the biggest weekly advance since August.

About 54 percent of Sun Pharma’s sales in the year ended March 2013 came from the sale of generic drugs in the U.S. and another 26 percent came from the sale of generics in India, according to company’s annual report. The company in its annual report said its “focus markets for the future” would include Latin America, Russia, China and South Africa.

Daiichi Sankyo said it planned to vote in favor of the deal. The transaction announced today values Ranbaxy’s stock at about 457 rupees a share, based on Sun Pharma’s closing price of April 4.

Backing Off

The transaction will help Daiichi Sankyo’s earnings, Takashi Akahane, a health-care analyst at Tokai Tokyo Research Center Co. in Tokyo, said by telephone. “Daiichi Sankyo seems to have backed off from directly getting involved with business in India and left it to a local company.”

Daiichi Sankyo gained 3.3 percent to close at 1,813 yen in Tokyo trading. That trimmed its loss this year to 5.7 percent.

Daiichi Sankyo aims to recover losses from Ranbaxy through the partnership with Sun Pharma, Joji Nakayama, the Japanese company’s chief executive, said in a briefing in Tokyo today.

Ranbaxy has more than 14,600 employees, and 21 manufacturing facilities in 8 countries, including in India, Ireland, Romania and the U.S., according to its website. It makes drugs for cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and urological diseases, as well as for pain management.

Indian billionaire Shanghvi started Sun Pharma in 1983, selling drugs to treat psychiatric illnesses. Sun Pharma has brands in areas including psychiatry, neurology, cardiology and nephrology.

U.S. Subpoena

This is the sixth deal Sun Pharma has announced in six years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The company controls Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and bought Dusa Pharmaceuticals Inc., the data show.

The FDA in January said Ranbaxy can no longer make or distribute drug ingredients from that plant to the U.S. because it failed to meet good manufacturing requirements.

Sun Pharma had its own cephalosporin facility in Gujarat banned from exporting to the U.S., according to a posting on the FDA’s website last month. The company said in a statement the impact of the import alert on its consolidated revenues would be “negligible.”

American Consumers

The deal values Ranbaxy at 21.3 times trailing 12-month profit, compared with a median valuation of 22.3 times among nine similar transactions, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Daiichi Sankyo, which will obtain about 9 percent of Sun Pharma after the stock swap, has an option to send a board member to Sun Pharma, Daiichi Sankyo said. Sun Pharma has been is talks to buy Ranbaxy for “some months,” said Chief Financial Officer Uday Baldota.

Sun Pharma was advised by Citigroup Inc. and Evercore Partners Inc. Ranbaxy hired ICICI Securities as its financial adviser and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. advised Daiichi Sankyo.

Sun Pharma’s legal advisers are Shearman & Sterling LLP, Crawford Bayley & Co and S. H. Bathiya & Associates, while Ranbaxy’s advisors are Luthra & Luthra Law Offices, Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co. Daiichi Sankyo hired Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP and Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co, it said.

--With assistance from Hideki Sagiike in Tokyo and George Smith Alexander in Mumbai.


Japanese pharmaceutical company Daiichi Sankyo Co. 4568.TO +3.30% , unable to remedy chronic regulatory problems at Indian generics maker Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. 500359.BY -3.00% , is selling its majority stake in the company amid heightened U.S. scrutiny of safety lapses there.

On Monday, another Indian drug company, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. 524715.BY +2.20% , said it would acquire Ranbaxy — including the 63.4% stake owned by Daiichi — in a transaction that Sun valued at $3.2 billion plus the assumption of $800 million in debt. Daiichi Sankyo said it would own 9% of the combined company.

The deal would make Sun Pharma the largest pharmaceutical company in India and the fifth-largest generic drug company in the world. But it would also saddle the Mumbai-based company with the chore of fixing up Ranbaxy's operations and ending restrictions on its U.S. sales.

Before curbs imposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Ranbaxy earned about 40% of its revenue from the American market. Now, only one Ranbaxy plant, located in the U.S., is producing drugs for U.S. consumption.

"Our focus will be to address the issue of achieving compliance," Sun Pharma Managing Director Dilip Shanghvi told reporters.

Daiichi Sankyo Chief Executive Joji Nakayama said Sun Pharma's experience and its cash reserves "will help accelerate a solution to the series of problems at Ranbaxy."

The Japanese company, which is known for cardiovascular drugs such as the blood-pressure medication olmesartan, said it has no plans to put money into the combined company. Instead, the company said it would look to expand elsewhere to make up for what Mr. Nakayama described as "losses" related to its Ranbaxy holding.

After acquiring its stake in 2008 for $4.6 billion, serious regulatory problems at Ranbaxy led to Daiichi Sankyo's writing down the value of its holding by roughly $3.9 billion, or about 80%.

Ranbaxy had to pay a $500 million fine after pleading guilty in 2013 to U.S. charges of selling adulterated drugs. Sun Pharma said Daiichi Sankyo had agreed to pay certain costs that could arise if legal action is taken against Ranbaxy for recent problems at a plant making active pharmaceutical ingredients.

A spokesman for Daiichi Sankyo said Monday that the company's stake was valued on its books at between $825 million and $835 million, so the share-swap deal with Sun Pharma could yield a profit for the company. At Sun Pharma's current share price, Daiichi's holding in the company would be worth about $1.8 billion.

India's pharmaceutical industry has come under increased scrutiny from U.S. regulators, who have stepped up inspections of Indian factories and cited manufacturers in recent years for lapses in manufacturing practices.

Ranbaxy has faced a series of actions by the FDA, which has barred imports to the U.S. from Ranbaxy's Indian factories.

The FDA has accused Ranbaxy of fudging test results and other infractions. In one case, it said, lax cleanliness standards could lead to the mixing of penicillin and non-penicillin-based antibiotics, potentially posing serious health risks for patients allergic to penicillin.

In a January inspection of a Ranbaxy plant making active pharmaceutical ingredients, FDA officials found that batches of ingredients failing quality tests were retested until they passed, and failed test results were deleted. The officials also said they found flies "too numerous to count" in a laboratory.

Sun Pharma, which has been aggressively looking for acquisitions, has also had its own struggles with the FDA, with imports barred from one of its plants in March. However, the company has said the impact on its earnings from the ban would be negligible.

Daiichi Sankyo said it expects the deal will be completed by the end of December, pending approval from shareholders of Sun Pharma, Ranbaxy and relevant government authorities.


Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. (SUNP),India’s largest drugmaker by market value, agreed to buycompetitor Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. (RBXY) for $3.2 billion fromJapan’s Daiichi Sankyo Co., which paid 61 percent more for thecompany five years ago.

Ranbaxy investors will get 0.8 share in Sun for every oneof their shares, or about 457 rupees, about 24 percent higherthan the 60-day average, the two companies said today in astatement. Daiichi Sankyo, which owns 63.5 percent of Ranbaxy,paid 737 rupees a share in 2008.

Buying Gurgaon, India-based Ranbaxy would give Sun, foundedby billionaire Dilip Shanghvi, control over the competitor’spipeline of generic products and help it expand in marketsincluding Russia and Brazil. The company also needs to resolveproduction problems that led the Food and Drug Administration toban four Ranbaxy plants from exporting to the U.S.

“It is a long-term positive for Sun Pharma because it addsemerging-markets facilities,” said Prakash Agarwal, an analystat CIMB Securities India Pvt. in Mumbai. “Ranbaxy’s consentdecree will be resolved in a few years’ time, so they should beout of the woods in terms of the FDA issues.”

The deal will also give Sun Pharma access to three majorproducts that Ranbaxy has tentative FDA approval to sell in theU.S.: generics of Novartis AG (NOVN)’s blockbuster Diovan, AstraZenecaPlc (AZN)’s Nexium and Roche Holding AG (ROG)’s Valcyte, according to Hitesh Mahida, an analyst at K.R. Choksey Shares & Securities Pvt. inMumbai. Since Ranbaxy was first to file applications for thethree products, it’s entitled to 180 days of exclusivity ifgiven final FDA clearance.

Ranbaxy’s top product in the U.S. was acne drug Absorica,which had sales of $128 million in the last 12 months, accordingto a Jan. 24 note by Barclays Plc analyst Balaji Prasad.

Cymbalta, Doxil

Ranbaxy recently received a subpoena from the U.S. Attorneyfor the District of New Jersey requesting certain documentsrelating to issues previously raised by the FDA on its Toansafacility in north India, Sun Pharma said in the statement.

FDA officials have said they plan to tighten rules on thegeneric-drug industry as a way to convince American consumersthat safeguards are in place. In March, the Food and DrugAdministration said Ranbaxy was recalling some batches of itsgeneric cholesterol-lowering medicine.

Ranbaxy’s earnings have been hurt as it has faced increasedregulatory scrutiny, and the company reported a 10.1 billionrupee loss last year. The deal will create the world’s fifthlargest “specialty generic pharma” maker, the companies said.

About one-third of Ranbaxy’s revenue comes from emergingmarkets other than India, said Abhishek Singhal, an analyst atMacquarie Capital Securities in Mumbai. “The combined entitywill have increased exposure to emerging economies, which SunPharma can leverage for its own specialty portfolio.”

Generic Drugs

Including the assumption of debt, the transaction wasvalued at $4 billion. Sun Pharma, maker of generic drugsincluding copies of Eli Lilly & Co.’s Cymbalta and Johnson &Johnson (JNJ:US)’s Doxil, expects $250 million in revenue and reducedcosts by the third year after completing the deal, according tothe statement. Ranbaxy’s products include the generic version ofPfizer’s cholesterol-lowering drug Lipitor.

Weekly Advance

Sun Pharma gained 2.9 percent to 588.10 rupees in Mumbaitrading today. Ranbaxy dropped 3 percent to 445.75 rupees.

Ranbaxy shares rose 8.2 percent to 459.55 rupees in Mumbaitrading on April 4, before the deal was announced, taking itsgain for the week to 26 percent, the biggest weekly advancesince August.

About 54 percent of Sun Pharma’s sales in the year endedMarch 2013 came from the sale of generic drugs in the U.S. andanother 26 percent came from the sale of generics in India,according to company’s annual report. The company in its annualreport said its “focus markets for the future” would includeLatin America, Russia, China and South Africa.

Daiichi Sankyo said it planned to vote in favor of thedeal. The transaction announced today values Ranbaxy’s stock atabout 457 rupees a share, based on Sun Pharma’s closing price ofApril 4.

Backing Off

The transaction will help Daiichi Sankyo’s earnings,Takashi Akahane, a health-care analyst at Tokai Tokyo ResearchCenter Co. in Tokyo, said by telephone. “Daiichi Sankyo seemsto have backed off from directly getting involved with businessin India and left it to a local company.”

Daiichi Sankyo gained 3.3 percent to close at 1,813 yen inTokyo trading. That trimmed its loss this year to 5.7 percent.

Daiichi Sankyo aims to recover losses from Ranbaxy throughthe partnership with Sun Pharma, Joji Nakayama, the Japanesecompany’s chief executive, said in a briefing in Tokyo today.

Ranbaxy has more than 14,600 employees, and 21manufacturing facilities in 8 countries, including in India,Ireland, Romania and the U.S., according to its website. Itmakes drugs for cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and urologicaldiseases, as well as for pain management.

Indian billionaire Shanghvi started Sun Pharma in 1983,selling drugs to treat psychiatric illnesses. Sun Pharma hasbrands in areas including psychiatry, neurology, cardiology andnephrology.

U.S. Subpoena

This is the sixth deal Sun Pharma has announced in sixyears, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The companycontrols Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and bought DusaPharmaceuticals Inc., the data show.

The FDA in January said Ranbaxy can no longer make ordistribute drug ingredients from that plant to the U.S. becauseit failed to meet good manufacturing requirements.

Sun Pharma had its own cephalosporin facility in Gujaratbanned from exporting to the U.S., according to a posting on theFDA’s website last month. The company said in a statement theimpact of the import alert on its consolidated revenues would be“negligible.”

American Consumers

The deal values Ranbaxy at 21.3 times trailing 12-monthprofit, compared with a median valuation of 22.3 times amongnine similar transactions, according to data compiled byBloomberg.

Daiichi Sankyo (4568), which will obtain about 9 percent of SunPharma after the stock swap, has an option to send a boardmember to Sun Pharma, Daiichi Sankyo said. Sun Pharma has beenis talks to buy Ranbaxy for “some months,” said ChiefFinancial Officer Uday Baldota.

Sun Pharma was advised by Citigroup Inc. and EvercorePartners Inc. Ranbaxy hired ICICI Securities as its financialadviser and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. advised Daiichi Sankyo.

Sun Pharma’s legal advisers are Shearman & Sterling LLP,Crawford Bayley & Co and S. H. Bathiya & Associates, whileRanbaxy’s advisors are Luthra & Luthra Law Offices, Amarchand &Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co. Daiichi Sankyo hired DavisPolk & Wardwell LLP and Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff& Co, it said.

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